Agronomy and crop science is a branch of agriculture focused on plants, particularly food and cash crops. Crop scientists are concerned with enhancing the grain and seed nutrition, as well as increasing the amount and quality of food. They also work to improve crop and soil conditions in cost effective and environmentally sound ways.

All Agriculture courses have five (5) years duration in Nigeria.

Subject Combination

English, Chemistry, Biology or Agricultural Science plus Mathematics or Physics


These professionals work for government agencies, universities, and private companies such as seed suppliers and fertilizer manufacturers. They can also apply their expertise to their own agricultural business.

Essential skills for Agriculturists

  • Ability to take initiatives
  • Good communication skills
  • Technical and analytical skills
  • Business acumen
  • Teamwork and collaboration skills
  • Computer skills
  • Sales and persuasion skills
  • Management skills

Read: The overview – Agriculture