Geographers study nature and use of areas of earth’s surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena.

They conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including landforms, climates, soils, plants and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.

They use their research to help governments and businesses plan where to build homes and roads, respond to disasters and develop marketing strategies.

They work as land surveyors, urban or regional planners, geoscientists’ cartographers, governmental and regional planners, and consultant.

Subject Combination

English, Geography and two other Arts or Social Science subject


Geographers are typically employed by government agencies, colleges/universities, oil companies, research institutions, engineering firms, real estate firms and urban/regional planning firms.


  • Strong analytical skills,
  • Excellent interpersonal, teamwork and communication skills
  • Report writing skills
  • Computer skills
  • Project management skills
  • Organization skills and management skills
  • Critical thinking skills
  • Leadership skills

Read: The overview – Social Science